Aloe Vera

Aloe vera l. (syn. Aloe barbadensis Mill.) Local Name : Aloe English Names : Aloe, Aloe vera


Succulent herb with a single short, thick stem crowned by a large rosette of numerous leaves which are sea milkwort green, oval-lanceolate, of 40 to 60 cm by 10 to 12 cm, margins with spines and pointed apex. Red, tubular flowers, up to 4 cm long and borne on a terminal spike. Fruit a brown capsule 15-25 mm long with many small f lattened seeds. Flowering and fruiting periods not known. Habitat. Widely cultivated as a house plant.


Native to North Africa, now introduced in the South Pacific region and grown widely as an ornamental and medicinal plant.


 1-8 dihydroxyanthraquinone, aloe emodin, chrysophanic acid, aloin, aloin derivatives, barbaloin, aloeesin, neoeloesin A, anthranol, enzothiazolone, isocitric acid, para-coumaric acid, cystine, amino acids, sugars, enzymes, dehydro-abietal, methyl ester of dehydro-abietic acid, acemannan, aloeferon, glucomannan, aloe peptides, cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, lupeol, lipids. Analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, toxic, mitogenic, anti-burn, wound healing, antibacterial, antileukopenic, antitumour, teratogenic, hypoglycaemic, antifertility, immunostimulant, antiedema, uterine stimulant, antiviral, hair stimulant, allergenic, antiasthmatic, haemaglutinin, emollient, insecticidal, depressant, hypocholesterolemic, hypolipemic.

Traditional Medicinal Uses

 The plant is primarily used as purgative. The sap from the fresh leaves is used to treat cuts, grazes sores and wounds and fungal infections of the skin.

The sap can also be placed and rubbed on hair and scalps to promote hair growth.


References: 1) Ponglux, D., et al., Medicinal Plants, (1987), Bangkok, Thailand, 13.

2)Park, M.K, et al., Planta Med., (1996), 62 (4), 363-365.

3) Afzal, M., et al., Planta Med., (1991), 57 (1), 38-40.

4) Saccu, D., et al., J. Agr. Food Chem., 49 (10), 4526-4530.

5) Yamaguchi, I., et al., Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 57 (8), 1350-1352.

6) Waller, G.R., et al., Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., (1978), 58, 69.

7) Mohsin, A., et al., Fitotherapia, (1989), 60 (2), 174-177.

8) Ajabnoor, M.A., J. Ethnopharmacol., (1990), 28 (2), 215-220.

9) Upupa, L., et al., Fitotherapia, (1994), 65 (2), 141-145.

10) Suga, T., and Hirata, T. Cosmet. Toileteries, (1983), 98 (6), 105-108

11) Magnuson, J.A., and Waller, T.A., Drug. Cosmet. Ind., (1991), 148 (5), 20-22.

12) Vazquez, B., et al., J. Ethnopharmacol., (1996), 55 (1), 69-75.

13) Traditional Medicine Database, (2002), National Department of Health, Govt. of Papua New Guinea, Waigani, N.C.D., Papua New Guinea.

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